PEDIATRIC HIGH FIBER DIET (for ages over 12 months)
This diet is designed as part of you child’s plan to treat constipation. It includes increasing his or her consumption of high-fiber foods. Remember that a high –fiber diet will not only benefit you child, but every member of you family.
A RICH food source of fiber provides 5 grams or more per serving.
A MODERATE food source of fiber provides 1-3 grams of fiber per serving.
LOW food sources of fiber provide less than 1 gram of fiber per serving and includes such foods as meat, milk, poultry, fish, cheese, eggs, juices, breads and cereals made from refined flours, white, all purpose flour and cooked and canned fruits. But it is important to remember foods such as meat, cheese and milk are not “constipating”, just low in fiber. They are part of an adequate daily food intake.
1. Gradually increase the amount of fiber in your child’s diet. Over zealous introduction of fiber may result in flatulence (gas), abdominal distention, bloating and occasional diarrhea.
2. Add unprocessed bran to hot cereals, soups, casseroles, pancake batter, chili, cooked rice, cookie dough, spaghetti sauce, meatloaf, meatballs, to coat chicken or fish for frying, as ¼ part flour in recipes.
3. To increase fiber in school lunch:
+ Use whole grain breads, crackers, rolls and muffins.
+ Add raw fruits and vegetables with the sandwich or cut up in the sandwich.
+ Use chunky peanut butter.
+ Use strawberry/raspberry jam with seeds instead of grape jam/jelly.
+ For treats use: raisins, popcorn, granola bars, sunflower seeds, graham crackers, oatmeal raisin cookies, bran muffins, grape, orange, and cranberry juice, rye crackers and whole wheat crackers.
4. Add chopped nuts to casseroles, stuffing, desserts, ice cream, fruit salads, vegetables and rice.
5. Do not force your child to eat certain foods, threats and punishment end in failure. Offer a choice of foods or use a fiber supplement recommended by your child’s doctor.
Donna Colvin, Nutritionist, 2008.